Blockchain Operating System (BOS). NEAR Protocol

junio 21, 2023
NEAR Protocol Blockchain Operating System (BOS)


The BOS seeks to tackle the main challenges for massive web3 adoption. Web3 brings many solutions to web2 problems but it is complex for newcomers and fragmented along many different blockchain networks. BOS aims to be a common layer on top of the different blockchain networks that make the onboarding process easy, the app interaction familiar to web2 users and interaction with different blockchain networks transparent.

What is the BOS

NEAR defines BOS as “A common layer for browsing and discovering open web experiences, compatible with any blockchain”

Web2: What is the problem with traditional internet

Many of us are familiar with accounts of tweets getting censored, private pictures getting exposed, or large corporations profiting immensely from our personal data, often without our consent or knowledge.

Web2 has been the standard for a long time, but it carries an array of issues that are now becoming more apparent. One of the most significant concerns is censorship. Entities, whether they’re governments or corporations, can control what data is available, and this has led to numerous issues of data suppression. Additionally, the privacy in web2 is far from ideal. User data is often harvested, sold, and sometimes hacked, leading to significant breaches of privacy. Finally, the lack of data ownership means that users do not have control over their data, which is a major concern for many people.

Web3: Solving Problems, But With Its Own Challenges

Web3 offers solutions to the problems of web2. It gives users the ability to own and control their data, offers increased privacy, and greatly reduces the ability for entities to censor information. However, it comes with its own set of challenges.

Choosing the Right Blockchain

The journey into the web3 ecosystem can be particularly overwhelming for newcomers due to the vast array of blockchains to choose from. Each blockchain network operates differently, offering unique features and benefits, which, while advantageous in promoting diversity and innovation, can also lead to significant confusion. This fragmentation often necessitates the use of multiple wallets and the need to understand the intricacies of each network’s functionality. For developers, this presents a daunting challenge. They must either deploy applications to multiple networks, an often complex and time-consuming endeavor, or risk missing out on significant user bases by limiting their product to a single network. This complexity and fragmentation in the web3 space are key barriers to mass adoption.

Starting on Blockchain: A Daunting Task for Many

Getting started with blockchain can be daunting for newcomers. The process often involves setting up and managing complex wallets, handling private keys that, if lost, cannot be recovered, and learning a whole new set of concepts. This complexity can be off-putting for potential users who’ve recently embraced the ease of single sign-in methods offered by entities like Google and Apple.

Of course, we suggest starting with and easy to use wallet such as NEAR Mobile

What are dApps anyway?

Presently, the interaction with decentralized applications (dApps) often feels non-intuitive and exceedingly complicated for the average user. Aspects like signing blockchain transactions or ensuring the possession of appropriate tokens are foreign territories for many. The technology and terminology surrounding dApps can appear daunting, causing hesitation among potential users. These intricacies, while critical to maintaining the integrity and security of the blockchain, pose significant challenges for mainstream adoption. Until these processes are simplified or made more familiar, widespread use of dApps could remain an uphill battle.

BOS to the Rescue

In response to the complexities of web3, NEAR Protocol has created the Blockchain Operating System (BOS). This system allows users and developers to work across multiple blockchain networks, reducing the segmentation that currently exists in the web3 environment. But BOS’s capabilities extend beyond simply acting as a common layer. It’s intentionally designed to mimic the user experience in web2, enabling those accustomed to traditional internet applications to easily transition to and navigate within the web3 ecosystem. So, regardless of the blockchain network chosen by the user or developer, BOS ensures seamless integration and interaction, enhancing user familiarity and accessibility. With BOS, NEAR Protocol is striving to harmonize the advanced functionality of web3 with the user-friendly interface of web2.

Easy Onboarding: Removing Obstacles

BOS also simplifies the onboarding process. This is crucial for mass adoption because complex onboarding processes can deter potential users. With BOS, getting started with blockchain becomes far less intimidating. Creating an account to interact with BOS faster and as easy as it is to sign-up for any web2 service.

Fast Auth NEAR Blockchain Operating System (BOS)

Empowering Developers

NEAR Protocol’s Blockchain Operating System (BOS) empowers developers by simplifying web3 application development. It provides a common layer for developers, allowing them to focus on building quality applications rather than understanding the complexities of multiple blockchain networks. BOS comes with built-in social media and payment system integrations, saving developers from building these from scratch or stringing several APIs. It also offers multi-chain interoperability, granting developers the flexibility to leverage different blockchain networks. Essentially, BOS serves as an all-in-one solution, encapsulating complex blockchain technologies within an intuitive environment and accelerating the adoption of web3 applications. Plus you can write your app in Javascript!

BOS Helps Applications Get More Users

One of the best aspects of BOS is that it makes web3 applications look familiar to those used to web2 applications. This familiarity can make users feel more comfortable, increasing the likelihood that they’ll engage with web3 applications.


In a world where new blockchain platforms often look like slightly different versions of Ethereum, BOS is a breath of fresh air. It’s addressing real challenges and breaking down barriers for mass web3 adoption, which is exactly what NEAR Protocol set out to do. BOS isn’t just an innovation—it’s a game-changer.

Download NEAR Mobile here

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